•What is blood pressure?
• Do I have high blood pressure?
• What if only the first blood pressure number is high?
• What if my blood pressure is low?
• Some of the risks associated with high blood pressure cannot be changed
• How can I control my blood pressure?
• Basics about high blood pressure
What is blood pressure?
When the doctor measures blood pressure, the result is recorded with two numbers. The first number, called the systolic blood pressure, is the pressure caused when the heart contracts and pushes blood out. The second number, called diastolic blood pressure, is the pressure that occurs when the heart relaxes and fills with blood. The result of the blood pressure measurement is usually expressed by placing the systolic blood pressure number over the diastolic blood pressure number, eg 138/72.
Do I have high blood pressure? One of the reasons to see your doctor regularly is to have your blood pressure checked. Routine blood pressure checks will help identify an early rise in blood pressure even if you feel fine. If there is an indication that your blood pressure is high in two or more checkups, your doctor may ask you to check your blood pressure at home at different times of the day. If your blood pressure stays high, even when you are relaxed, your doctor may suggest exercise, changes to your diet, and most likely medications
What if only the first blood pressure number is high?
This problem is called isolated systolic hypertension, which is due to age-related stiffening of the main arteries. It is the most common form of high blood pressure in older people and can result in serious health problems (stroke, heart disease, eye problems, and kidney failure) as well as breathing difficulties when a person does light physical activities, dizziness when stands up very fast and falls.If your doctor determines that your systolic pressure is above the normal .
What if my blood pressure is low?If your blood pressure is less than 90/60, you suffer from low blood pressure, or hypotension. You may feel faint, weak, dizzy, or even like you might pass out. Low blood pressure can be caused by not drinking enough fluids (dehydration), blood loss, some medical conditions, or too much medicine.
Some of the risks associated with high blood pressure cannot be changed
Anyone can develop high blood pressure. However, some people are more likely to develop it due to factors that they cannot change. These factors are:
•Age. The chance of having high blood pressure increases as a person ages.
•Gender. Before age 55, men are more likely to have high blood pressure.
How can I control my blood pressure?
It is common in older people blood pressure. The vascular system changes as people age. The arteries harden, so the blood pressure rises. This is true even for people who have habits that benefit heart health.
•You must do exercise all the days.Set some goals to exercise safely and gradually get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day most days of the week. Check with your doctor before starting an exercise plan if you have health problems that are not being treated.
• Eat a healthy diet.
•Reduce your salt intake. As you age, your body and blood pressure become more sensitive to salt (sodium), so it may be necessary to determine how much salt is in your diet. Most salt comes from processed foods (for example, soups and baked goods). A low-salt diet, such as the DASH diet, can help lower blood pressure. Talk to your doctor about how to eat less salt.
• Drink less alcohol. Drinking alcohol can affect blood pressure. Men should have no more than two drinks a day and women only one drink to reduce the risk of developing high blood pressure.
•Do not smoke.If you smoke, quit. It is never too late to quit smoking, and the health benefits of quitting can be seen at any age.
• Get a good night’s sleep. Tell your doctor if you have been told that you snore or sound like you stop breathing for moments when you sleep. This can be a sign of a problem called sleep apnea. Getting treatment for sleep apnea and getting a good night’s sleep can help lower your blood pressure.
• Manage stress. Relaxing and properly coping with problems can help lower your blood pressure.
If these lifestyle changes do not lower your blood pressure to a safe level, your doctor will also prescribe medication. You can try several types or combinations of drugs before you find a plan that works best for you. Medicines can control your blood pressure, but they cannot cure it. You will probably have to take medicine for the rest of your life.